One of the most important components of lawn maintenance is mowing. It directly affects the health and quality of the turfgrass. Improperly mowed lawns will suffer and develop an unsightly appearance. Proper moving consists of cutting the grass at the correct height and frequency. Doing so will create a healthy lawn by encouraging the development of a dense stand of turfgrass, which helps reduce weeds and other pests.
The proper mowing height is determined by the grass. Zoysiagrass should be mowed at 1 to 1 1/2 inches high. Hybrid bermudagrass prefers a height of a half inch to 1 1/2 inches, while common bermudagrass should be cut 1 to 2 inches high. Centipedegrass likes to be maintained at 1 to 1 1/2 inches, while St. Augustinegrass and tall fescue need to be cut at 2 to 3 inches. Tall fescue is best cut at the height of 3 to 4 inches.
During hot dry periods, raise the mowing height one-half of an inch. The longer leaf blades will shade the soil which will keep the grass roots cooler and reduce moisture loss. When adjusting the mowing height, measure the distance of the mowing blades to the ground and make sure all four wheels are set at the same height.
When mowing, remove no more than one-third of the grass blade. For example, if you want to maintain the lawn at a height of 2 inches, mow when it is 3 inches high. Removing more than one-third will increase the lawn’s susceptibility to pests and environmental stress. A sudden reduction in height greater than one-third can be damaging to the turfgrass. If the grass becomes too high between mowing, increase the height of the cut and then gradually lower it until the recommended height is reached for the grass.
The blades should be always kept sharp. Dull blades will shred the ends of the grass. The ragged blades will cause the lawn to develop an unsightly brown to white appearance. Also, the grass is more prone to diseases and water loss. Sharpen the blades as needed or replace them with new ones.
The question arises as to whether the grass clippings should be collected in a bag or allowed to drop back to the ground. The best course of action is to let them fall back into the turf where they will break down and release nutrients. This will help provide organic matter for the soil and reduce the need for fertilization. Some people are concerned this will increase thatch, which are dead roots, stems and grass blades that have accumulated between the surface of the soil and the green blades of the turf grass. It can lead to increased pest problems and other stresses. If the lawn is cut on a regular basis by removing no more than one-third of the leaf blade, the clippings should not form a thatch layer.
Remember, correct mowing is an important component of lawn care. Make sure it is moved at the correct height and frequency using a sharp blade. Doing so will help ensure a healthy and attractive lawn.
Timothy Daly is the Agricultural and Natural Resource agent with UGA Extension Henry. He can be contacted at 770-288-8421 or firstname.lastname@example.org.